标题: Pollution haven hypothesis of domestic trade in China: A perspective of SO2 emissions
作者: Wang, Z (Wang, Zhen); Li, C (Li, Cai); Liu, QL (Liu, Qiaoling); Niu, BB (Niu, Beibei); Peng, S (Peng, Sha); Deng, LC (Deng, Liangchun); Kang, P (Kang, Ping); Zhang, XL (Zhang, Xiaoling)
来源出版物: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 卷: 663 页: 198-205 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.287 出版年: MAY 1 2019
摘要: Domestic trade flourishes with economic development and the spatial separation of production and consumption. Therefore, the prosperity of trade is accompanied by the transfer of pollution from the demand side to the supply side, which could potentially worsen the environmental quality of the supply side. Despite a large number of studies on the pollution haven hypothesis in international trade, little attention has been paid to testing the hypothesis in domestic trade. Here, combining amultiregional input-output analysis and a gravity model of trade in China, we provide an empirical test to address this problem for the first time. We also assess the factors affecting the SO2 emissions embodied in trade, including population, economic development, coal consumption, distance, and environmental regulations. We found that domestic trade contributed approximate one third of the total SO2 emissions in China, and interprovincial transfers of SO2 embodied in trade were significantly determined by the population, economic development, coal consumption of the trade pairs, as well as their distance. SO2 emission mitigation policies, such as emission reduction target and sulfur dioxide control zone, has a more significant influence on the direct transfer of SO2 emission via direct bilateral trade, while their effects were largely offset by indirect trade (through third-party transfers). Our results do not support the pollution haven hypothesis existed in domestic trade in China during 2007-2012. Our paper sets an example and provides a reference for the domestic pollution transfer problem from an econometric perspective. Further attempts on testing pollution haven hypothesis in consideration of various pollutants are still needed to arrive at a robust conclusion. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
作者关键词: Pollution haven hypothesis; Input-output analysis; Gravity model; Interregional trade
地址: [Wang, Zhen; Li, Cai] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
[Liu, Qiaoling] Univ Int Business & Econ, Sch Publ Adm, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China.
[Niu, Beibei] Shandong Agr Univ, Coll Resources & Environm, Tai An 271018, Shandong, Peoples R China.
[Peng, Sha] Hubei Univ Econ, Sch Low Carbon Econ, Wuhan 430205, Hubei, Peoples R China.
[Deng, Liangchun] Ctr Environm Progress, New York, NY 10044 USA.
[Kang, Ping; Zhang, Xiaoling] Chengdu Univ Informat Technol, Sch Atmospher Sci, Plateau Atmosphere & Environm Key Lab Sichuan Pro, Chengdu 610225, Sichuan, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址: Niu, BB (通讯作者)，Shandong Agr Univ, Coll Resources & Environm, Tai An 271018, Shandong, Peoples R China.
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